366523: Fiction: Essential Beginnings
- Spring 2019
- Section 1
- 2 Credits
- 05/01/2019 to 06/11/2019
- Modified 03/08/2019
Do you aspire to write creatively but don't know where to start? This supportive workshop provides you with many techniques to motivate and guide you. You learn how to transform observation and personal experience into imaginative prose, create dynamic characters and dialogue, and write from different points of view. By the end of the course, you will have in hand a series of short sketches or a draft of a short story and key tools you need to write creatively.
The course objectives for participants, covering the elements itemized above, are therefore: (1) Learning that well-written and clear prose can not only help the writer understand the issue(s) addressed in his or her stories but also appeal to readers in a way that is enlightening and interesting. (2) Learn that Fiction writing differs from "business or technical writing" in that is important not to be didactic or instructional in ones stories. Fiction should be thought of as an art form, not a means of communication.
- learn fiction craft elements related to story (structure and plot), character, conflict, point-of-view, and dialogue.
- appreciate the benefits of collaboration regarding the creative process (in the on-line workshop setting)
- learn specific ways to lessen or work through writer's block.
Participants who complete the course will therefore be able to write a complete short story with a beginning, middle and end following a classical structure somewhat like:
A student's grade for this class will be based upon the following criteria:
Completion and submission of at least four of the written assignments: 48 points (You get credit in this category for completing the assignments. Levels of excellence are not a factor for this basic component.)
Participation in class discussion board commentary on the work of other students (comment on two students per week), general discussion topics, and discussion of required weekly outside readings: 36 points
Overall quality of work evaluation by instructor: 16 points
Workshopping Guidelines and Netiquette
As you probably know, participation in writing classes involves submitting pieces of your own written work for scrutiny by others in the class. Other students read your work and give you written feedback. As the instructor, I will provide you with my own comments. And you read the work of other students and give feedback to them.
John Irving tells the story of taking workshop classes from Kurt Vonnegut, years ago in the Iowa Writers Workshop. Vonnegut reviewed Irving's submissions, pointing to parts of them and saying: This works more effectively than that. So as you go on with your work, why don't you do more of this and less of that? And you'd have figured this all out for yourself eventually. I've just speeded the process up.
And Ethan Canin, also of Iowa, insists in his workshops that no one can offer negatives until he or she has first identified what is positive about a piece. And I will provide constructive suggestions about how your work can be shaped and honed, but I'll do it in this positive context, not in a negative one. This rule also governs the type of feedback you provide to others students. Students will learn faster and write more when the Vonnegut and Canin methods are in effect. They feel safer. Students are comfortable taking the risks that lead to better writing, faster. And they learn to be discerning critics of their own work.
Writing well is risky business. It places a chunk of the writer's bare soul on display, and we must be ever-cautious about the risk of damaging tender sensitivities. Rather than saying: "Your piece just didn't work for me" or "what I didn't like about your piece was ..."' here are a few proper positive responses:
- "I really was moved by (quote the line or lines from the writer's submission that were most effective, and tell the writer specifically why you liked it, what it did to you, how it made you feel. Sometimes a line or two stand out from a good piece).
- "The way you handled (dialogue, description, style etc.) in this piece was particularly effective.." (Point to the element the writer used best and tell the writer why you liked it, how it made you feel.)
- "You really got my attention at (and identify what did it for you, so that the writer knows exactly).
Be creative in framing your positive responses. Include substance, so that the writer has something to go on in figuring out how she is reaching you. This lets the writer determine for herself what falls short, after receiving all the comments from everyone.
All of this intensifies in the on-line situation. Some liken it to having to learn to kiss or shake hands through a closed window. New skills and subtleties have to be learned in order to make it work the way it does when the window isn't there. It's more apt to compare the experience to learning to ride a bicycle on a roof top (a more complex metaphor), but everyone comes to figure it out as they go along. I'll talk more about this during the course.
Be aware that in an online class that is driven by written words, there's a particular danger of misunderstandings unless words are carefully chosen. In your comments with others, be careful how you frame your words. In a real life situation you'd be able to sense from facial expressions and body language whether your words were being correctly understood or whether you were offending someone's sensitivities. When in doubt, don't press 'send.'
As UCLA's principal provider of continuing education, the majority of UCLA Extension courses are designed for the post-baccalaureate professional level student. Enrollment is therefore normally reserved for adult students 18 years of age and older. The Writers' Program may consent to enroll younger students based on special academic competence and approval of the instructor. Minors who enroll in a Writers' Program course without first receiving permission from both the department and the instructor are subject to withdrawal. To request approval, please contact the Writers' Program at 310/825-9415.
Students are subject to disciplinary action for several types of misconduct or attempted misconduct, including but not limited to dishonesty, such as cheating, multiple submission, plagiarism, or knowingly furnishing false information to the University; or theft or misuse of the intellectual property of others or violation of others' copyrights. Students are encouraged to familiarize themselves with policy provisions which proscribe these and other forms of misconduct at: https://www.uclaextension.edu/pages/str/studentConduct.jsp
Services for Students with Disabilities
In accordance with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, UCLA Extension provides appropriate accommodations and support services to qualified applicants and students with disabilities. These include, but are not limited to, auxiliary aids/services such as sign language interpreters, assistive listening devices for hearing-impaired individuals, extended time for and proctoring of exams, and registration assistance. Accommodations and types of support services vary and are specifically designed to meet the disability-related needs of each student based on current, verifiable medical documentation. Arrangements for auxiliary aids/services are available only through UCLA Extension’s Service for Students with Disabilities Office at (310) 825-7851 or by email at [email protected]. For complete information see: https://www.uclaextension.edu/pages/str/studentswithDisabilities.jsp
Your instructor may post the interim grade Incomplete/I if at the end of the class your overall work is of passing quality but a portion could not be submitted for understandable reasons (e.g. illness). It is your responsibility to petition your instructor for permission to submit work late and to provide an explanation, and it is his or her sole decision whether to accept the explanation. If permitted, the Incomplete/I grade will be posted and a time frame defined for you to submit the missing work, ranging from one to twelve weeks. Incomplete/I grades that remain unchanged after twelve weeks will lapse to F, NP or U. Receiving an I grade entitles you to submit only the missing work your instructor has agreed to accept late, and does not allow other work to be retaken or oblige UCLA Extension to provide continuing access to course materials via Canvas. The Incomplete/I grade is not an option for courses that do not bear credit, such as 700, 800, or 900-level courses. For complete information, see: https://www.uclaextension.edu/pages/str/grading.jsp
All Grades are Final
No change of grade may be made by anyone other than the instructor, and then, only to correct clerical errors. No term grade except Incomplete may be revised by re-examination. The correction of a clerical error may be authorized only by the instructor of record communicating directly with personnel of Student and Alumni Services.
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About Your Online Course Materials
Please note the following about online course components at UCLA Extension:
- Students must have basic computer skills, including the use of word processing software, email, and the ability to use internet browsers, such as Safari, Firefox, or Chrome.
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Finding Story; exploring creative resources. During this first week of the online class, students are asked to provide a short and informal biographical piece for the Introductions forum. There is then a quick "free writing" warm-up exercise, followed by the actual writing assignment for the week. I hope that students will do the introduction piece as quickly as possible, so that people can get to know each other. There is a "lecture" selection to read, on the topic of Story Structure, as well as a few comments on the creative process.
Character. This session will focus upon the important topic of narrative voice in Character. Students will be asked to do an exercise that develops the first-person voice and persona of a new narrative character and then translates that new voice into a third-person narrative voice.
Dialogue. Getting characters to say the right literary things isn't as easy as one might think. This session explores some of the nuances and difficulties of writing effective and interesting dialogue.
||Plot and Structure||
Plot and Structure. In this session, we will explore how plot grows from character and conflict. The conflict can be against another character, nature, society, fate, or ones (the character') own self.
This session explores various ways in which we can get our fiction going when are fighting something often referred to as "writer's block." You will use photographs and items you find around the house that appeal to the senses, (flowers, spices, sandpaper, clothing, etc.) and provoke a response or memory that you can write about.
||Short Story Writing||
Using the prior assignments or starting fresh class participants will be required to write a short story beginning of several pages.