364818: Nonfiction: Essential Beginnings
- Winter 2019
- Section 1
- 2 Credits
- 02/06/2019 to 03/19/2019
- Modified 01/07/2019
Sometimes the best stories are true. To help you turn your personal experiences, anecdotes from everyday life, and family stories into compelling narratives, this workshop teaches beginning writers the basic elements of good storytelling. You learn how to excavate memories and discover fresh or unexpected facets of your life stories. Through weekly exercises, you generate new material and learn an array of fictional techniques to tell your nonfiction story, including how to play with voice, focus on a small unit of time, and describe landscape and character. By the course's completion, you will have in hand a series of short sketches or a draft of a nonfiction piece.
By the end of this course, students should be able to
- Understand the difference between fiction and nonfiction
- Identify basic elements of nonfiction, including elements of fiction
- Implement in their writings the elements and strategies covered in this course
- Employ reading like a writer, writing frequently, and revision as part of their creative writing process
- Participate effectively in workshops
Courage & Craft: Writing Your Life Into Story
- Author: Barbara Ambercrombie
Your course grade will be based on the following criteria: Participation in and thoughtful contributions to weekly class discussions and workshops, improvement in your writing skills and understanding of creative writing and workshopping, effort in discussion and writing assignments, completion of all assignments as assigned--including meeting deadlines, and maintaining a positive attitude throughout the quarter.
60 points total possible: 10 points each week.
60-54 points: A+ - A-
53-48 points: B+ - B-
47-42 points: C+-C-
41-0 points: F
Credit Status: I must give you the type of grade you signed up for.
For six weeks, we'll come together as a supportive and kind creative writing community to express yourselves creatively in writing, share our ideas, and learn from each other. You'll develop your writing skills and story ideas, and have some discoveries along the way. With corazon, I will guide you and share as much of my expertise as possible in this short quarter.
At the same time, this is a formal, college level course with policies, procedures, deadlines, and requirements that everyone must follow. Please attentively read the following. When you participate in this course, you agree to follow the guidelines below and to conduct yourself in a manner that fosters a supportive and positive environment.
A. PROCEDURES, REQUIREMENTS, AND POLICIES
In the Modules, you will find the weekly lessons and assignments and the forums for discussions, workshops, the salon, and questions discussed below.
- Weekly Lessons and Assignments are posted on Wednesdays, by 11p, PST.
- Discussion and Sketches are due on Wednesdays, by 11p, PST.
- Responses to two classmates' discussions and feedback on two classmates' sketches and the final portfolio are due on Fridays, by 11p, PST.
Specific dates for weekly deadlines will also be included in the weekly lessons.
Check the Announcements: Whenever you log into the class, be sure to check the announcements page for updates, reminders, and notices.
Weekly Lessons and Assignments: Each week you will read a document that contains my lessons, page numbers for assigned readings in the the text, and possibly links to assigned readings on topics we're covering and one or more published works by established creative nonfiction writers. The published works serve as examples of the craft techniques we’re covering and the variety of writers’ styles and approaches to writing nonfiction. Following the lessons will be the discussion and writing assignments based on the weekly lessons. I encourage you to print these documents and closely read them. You will need to refer to them throughout the course.
Discussions: Every week, in response to a prompt I assign, you will write a brief discussion. You will also respond to at least two of your classmates’ discussions. Some prompts will involve "reading like a writer" one or more published works. Rather than analyzing published works like a literary scholar, a book club participant, or a book reviewer, you will Read like a Writer, focusing on how the author uses craft to weave a vivid, engaging story. I emphasize reading like a writer, which includes reading widely and broadly, in my classes because it's one of the best ways to learn how to write well-crafted work.
The purposes of the weekly discussions are to enhance your understanding of the topics covered in class and creative writing, through completion of the assignments and discussions with classmates, and to engage as a community of writers.
Drive-by discussions and responses will receive no credit. Drive by means quickly responding to meet the number required, but not making thoughtful contributions.
Writing/Workshops Through Week 4-5, you will be assigned to write short pieces, usually no longer than 500 words, in response to prompts I assign based on topics covered in class. These writings are referred to as "sketches." Your sketches will be posted in the weekly workshop forum for feedback. All sketches and the final portfolio will be written in first-person point of view (I / me) and past tense (further discussed in the Week 1-2 Lessons).
Writing your sketches will deepen your understanding and give you practice in the specific craft techniques and strategies covered each week. You are encouraged to write longer drafts outside of class, just be sure to only submit what is assigned.
Be sure to stick to the prompt and criteria of the assignment, submit your sketch on time, and follow the workshop policies and procedures, or your sketch might not be accepted and might not receive feedback from me.
If your sketch exceeds the word limit, submit the beginning up to the word limit. Write, “To be continued” at a logical stopping point. Never cut details necessary for us to understand your sketch just to meet the word requirement, for your writing will be weakened and confusing, you won't benefit from the writing assignment, and your grade will be adversely impacted.
Some, if not all, of your sketches will evolve into your Final Portfolio: A revised and polished draft of a short memoir story or a personal essay developed from one or a few linked sketches you workshopped in class, 900-1,200 words in length OR revised and polished drafts of a few separate sketches you workshopped in class. The total word count of all works combined, not each individual work, is 1,000-1,200 words.
While your final portfolio might contain new material needed to develop and flesh out your piece, your portfolio must be developed from a sketch or sketches originally workshopped in our class. Final Portfolios that do not meet these requirements will not be accepted. To be further discussed at a later date.
Participation: In order for everyone to benefit from the course, including you, your participation is needed. This is a college level formal course. Please be mindful and attentive. Students are expected to engage in and make thoughtful contributions to the discussions and workshops. The more you participate, the more you and your classmates will benefit from this course.
Writers’ Salon: You are encouraged to have lively, lengthy conversations in the Salon in the Modules. Let us know about upcoming literary events; recommend books and share websites; discuss writing related topics of interest; or just chat. I will also post relevant information and event announcements. Participation in the Salon is not required, but it is a great way to build community and get informed about creative writing beyond what's covered in the course.
Questions for the Instructor: Post your questions about procedures and assignments in the appropriate forum/page in the weekly Modules. I check it every day, Monday through Friday. Answers to students’ questions are often in the syllabus or weekly lesson. Please first check these documents before posting a question.
Always write the name of the person you're addressing at the top of your replies, like you would in a letter. When grading, I can’t tell which sketch or discussion you’re addressing unless you include the writer’s name.
B. ACCOUNTABILITY POLICIES
Whether you're taking this course for pleasure, to get practice in creative nonfiction, or to improve your writing skills, please keep in mind that this is a formal, college level course with deadlines and requirements that we're all required to follow.
COMPLETE ASSIGNMENTS AS ASSIGNED: Sketches, feedback, discussions, and final portfolios that do not follow the requirements, including meeting the deadlines, will earn a zero. I do not give feedback on sketches and final portfolios that do not follow the requirements. Even if you are not taking the class for credit, you must follow the requirements in order to receive credit and feedback from me on your sketches and final portfolio.
LATE WORK: Please plan your schedule accordingly. This course requires at least 6 hours a week, which includes 3 hours of in-class time (what we would do during onsite class meetings) and 3 hours outside of class time. You are responsible for submitting your work on time. Assignments posted after the deadline will receive no credit, and I might not be able to give your work feedback. For example, I download all sketches shortly after the deadline and begin reading and writing feedback. Because of my busy schedule, I often don't have time to follow up on late assignments.
It's understandable that life circumstances might make it difficult for a student to meet the deadlines one week. Therefore, students may submit late assignments one time and without penalty if all requirements are completed by the date arranged with me. The student must contact me to make arrangements with me no later than 48 hours after the deadline; it's best if you contact me ahead of the deadline when possible. However, no other late assignments are permitted.
The last week of class NO extensions are permitted except under extreme circumstances, such as a debilitating illness, and arrangements are made with me no later than 48 hours after the deadline. Official verification might be required.
CODE OF CONDUCT: If you choose to remain in this course, you are agreeing to follow the policies, requirements, and procedures in this syllabus and in the assignments, and to conduct yourself in a manner that fosters a supportive and positive environment. You are also responsible for the policies in the UCLA Extension Code of Student Conduct and the Writers’ Program Code of Conduct. We are a community during this six-week journey, and it's important that everyone follow the guidelines in order for everyone to benefit from and thrive in this course.
- Respect everyone’s time, including the instructor's, and meet the deadlines.
- Be kind and respectful to everyone, including yourself.
- Respect everyone’s privacy. Everything shared in this class stays in this class.
- Be clear and specific in your posts so we understand what you mean.
To avoid submitting work late, please keep a hard copy of the contact information in "UCLA Extension Learning Support" below in case you have trouble accessing the course.
C. WORKSHOP POLICIES AND PROCEDURES
“A writing workshop is, in its ideal sense, a community of writers trying to help each other accomplish their best writing. Its first level of value is in its being a community, a gathering of people whose company nourishes each person's writing life.”~ David Huddle
“The hardest part of being a writer in a workshop is to learn this: Be still, take everything in, and don’t defend.”~ Author unknown
Active participation in each workshop is one of the most important and valuable aspects of this course. In addition to reading like a writer and writing on a regular basis, critiquing your classmates’ work and watching it evolve over the quarter are excellent ways to learn about the craft of writing and how to improve your sketches. Furthermore, a workshop is a community. The students' feedback is just as important as the instructor’s.
In the workshops, you will comment on your classmates' writing and receive comments from them on your writing. After you have met the deadlines for the week, you will receive feedback from me, typically on the techniques covered that week and in previous weeks. The critiquing process can sometimes be overwhelming for new and seasoned writers. Therefore, following are policies and procedures for giving useful, constructive feedback and to establish a positive critiquing environment. By taking care to apply these guidelines, our workshops will be positive, supportive, and productive for everyone.
- In order to maintain an objective perspective when discussing a classmate’s sketch, do not address the writing as though it is autobiographical. For example, refer to the “Narrator;" "the grandmother;” “the son.” Do not say, “You,” “your grandmother,” or "your son."
- Do not ridicule or degrade your work or others. We must respect our work at any draft stage.
- Don’t share your classmates' work with anyone.
- Avoid comparing your work to others in the class or others to yours. You can only gauge your growth as a writer by your own work. Instead, be inspired by your classmates and the readings.
- Drive-by discussions and responses do not meet the requirements and will receive no credit. Drive by means quickly responding to meet the number required, but not making thoughtful contributions.
Workshopping Your Sketches:
- Avoid posting your sketch early unless it's unavoidable. Time is needed for your sketch to evolve and for you to revise it and make corrections. Take time to experiment, play, and revise with fresh eyes. Do your best to flesh out your work and clean up errors before posting it in the workshop so it reads as you intended. Reposts will be deleted.
- Manuscript Format Guidelines: All work submitted in the workshop modules will be attached in a document, Word or rtf, not a PDF. The document should be single-spaced, with one-inch margins all around, in 12 point Times New Roman or Arial font, and with your name and the page number in the top right corner (header if you know how to set it) on every page. Title your document with your last name
and week number so I can identify it in my files. Example: gonzalez Week1.doc.
- When you post your sketch in the workshop module, click reply to my original post to start a new thread for your sketch. Check back in a few hours, or late morning if you posted it at night, to make sure we were able to access your file.
- Do not explain, defend, or apologize for your sketch. These are inappropriate and will not be permitted in our workshops.
- When reading feedback on your work, keep in mind that our feedback is given in good will. We are doing our best to nourish your writing, but we are not necessarily right. You also might receive contradictory comments. Accept criticism that is applicable, and consider incorporating it into your revision. Save feedback on your sketches for future reference.
- Wait at least 48 hours before responding to feedback, and reread it before responding. Feedback takes a while to digest. A comment that stung when you first read it often makes good sense a few days, or a few weeks, later. In addition, consider the mood you’re in when reading feedback. You want to be as
objective as possible.
Examples of appropriate responses to feedback:
-Thanking your classmates' for their feedback
-Stating which feedback was helpful and why.
-Asking for clarification or an explanation: “You said the image of the oak tree in
the second stanza is striking. Please explain why.”
-Asking for an example: "You said that my description of the kitchen could be
more detailed. Could give me an example of what you mean?
-Again, do not explain or defend your sketch.
Feedback Requirements and Process:
- You’re required to give feedback on at least two of your classmates’ sketches each week even if you are not taking the class for credit. Your effort in and attention to giving feedback are needed in order for everyone to benefit from the class, including you.
- It’s understood that you are not a professional editor or expert on writing. Your stance should be that of a careful and interested reader. You're making observations the writer can take into the next draft or into other work. It’s understood that you are not a professional editor or expert on writing.
- Do your best to first give feedback on sketches that have received less feedback than others so that everyone receives feedback from at least two classmates. Two fulfills the weekly requirement, but you may, and are encouraged to, respond to as many of your classmates’ sketches as you wish.
- Before posting your feedback, read the sketch several times, taking note of where you are engaged, where you were taken out, and why. Focus on the techniques we’ve covered. Be as objective as possible. Keep an open mind when the content differs from your personal values or beliefs, and do not let it interfere with your response. If you’re not the audience for a sketch, you can still discuss the craft we’ve
- When posting feedback on a sketch, click "reply" on the sketch so your post is directly connected to that sketch.
- In your feedback post,
-Write the name of the person you're addressing, like you would in a letter. When grading, I can’t tell which sketch you’re addressing unless you include the writer’s name.
-Always begin with two or three comments about where you were pulled into the sketch and explain why.
-Then discuss only one or two areas where you were taken out of the sketch and explain why.
-Refer to specific examples in the sketch. Include the location of what you’re discussing—the paragraph number, and if needed, the beginning of the first sentence.
-Strive to offer new insights, and avoid repeating what a classmate has said.
-Be specific and concrete; feedback is most helpful when specific points are made.
Do not discuss how you would write it--you are not the author of the sketch, or typos, grammar, or mechanics. If a piece is illegible, I will address it privately with the student.
The following two examples of feedback are useful because they are detailed, thorough, specific, explained well, and focused on specific aspects of craft. The writer understands what is and isn’t working (at least for one reader). This type of feedback will earn credit:
“I was pulled into the scene when Kerry is getting dressed up. The specific details let me know that she is expecting something positive to happen between them, which added tension and forward movement. I was eager to keep reading to find out what happens next. The scene flows smoothly and it convincingly built up to the devastating moment; everything is believable. However, the tense abruptly changes, which confused me. For example, the beginning of the scene is in present tense, half way through, it changes to past tense.”
“The description of the narrator falling down the stairs is so vivid that I experienced her pain. The scene also develops her character; readers understand the connection between her emotional and physical pain. I was pulled out after the fall because she didn't let readers know her response to the fall. I wondered what went through her head. For example, when she looked up at her new boyfriend, did she wonder why he didn’t run to help her?”
The examples below are not useful to the writer because they do not give the writer anything specific to work on. This type of feedback will not earn credit, and you will be asked to elaborate with specific details and examples:
“I really love the images. I love the characters.” Feedback is not a review of a writer's sketch. To benefit the writer, the classmate needs to discuss where, specifically, they were pulled in/engaged and taken out and explain why.
“I really relate to this. I’ve been to this place and had an experience like this there.” Feedback is supposed to be objective and focus on the sketch. If it's well described, the critic needs to go beyond personal experience and explain what is effective and why.
Destructive feedback (and destructive communication in general) will not be tolerated. See UCLA Extension's and the Writers' Program's codes of conduct for more information. Examples of destructive feedback include: reviewing the sketch like a harsh critic, stating negative judgments about the content or writer, and basing feedback on what the critic personally dislikes or their personal values.
Students are subject to disciplinary action for several types of misconduct or attempted misconduct, including but not limited to dishonesty, such as cheating, multiple submission, plagiarism, or knowingly furnishing false information to the University; or theft or misuse of the intellectual property of others or violation of others' copyrights. Students are encouraged to familiarize themselves with policy provisions which proscribe these and other forms of misconduct at: https://www.uclaextension.edu/pages/str/studentConduct.jsp
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Weekly Schedule and Deadlines
-Weekly lessons and assignments are posted on Wednesdays by 11p, PST. Specific dates for weekly deadlines will be in the weekly lessons.
-Discussion and Sketches are due on Wednesdays by 11p, PST.
-Responses to at least two classmates' discussions and feedback on at least two classmates' sketches are due on Fridays by 11p, PST.
For example, let's say I post the lessons and assignments on Wednesday, February 7.
Your discussion and sketch are due the following Wednesday, February 14 by 11p, PST.
You responses to two classmates' discussions and feedback on two classmates' sketches are due on Friday, February 16 by 11p, PST.
I post my feedback after you've met the requirements.
Following is an overview. See the Weekly Lessons & Assignments in the Modules for specific, detailed information and instructions
This schedule might change to fit the needs of the class. Be sure to check the modules for updates.
Introductions, Course Overview, Reading Like a Writer, Gathering Ideas / Prewriting
Memoir, Scene, Characterization, and Dialogue
Personal Essay, Summary, and Musing
Voice/Narrator, Vivid Language, and Describing a Place
Revision and Final Portfolios